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Your Legal Disability Rights

Đang chơi bàiKnow your rights under federal law. Read about the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which protects people’s rights regarding employment, public accommodations, state and local government services, and more. Learn about special accommodations for travelers and voters. Know how to fight job discrimination.

Đang chơi bài protects the rights of people with disabilities. It guarantees equal opportunity in:

  • Đang chơi bàiPublic accommodations

  • Jobs

  • Transportation

  • Đang chơi bàiGovernment services

  • Đang chơi bàiTelecommunications

The Department of Justice answers questions about ADA requirements. It's available to businesses, state and local governments, and the public. Call 1- 800-514-0301 (TTY: 1-800-514-0383).

Find More ADA Resources From the Government

Đang chơi bàiThe ADA website has information on:

Đang chơi bàiThe website provides:

  • for telecommunications, public transportation, and recreational facilities

  • A for buildings

Đang chơi bài requires federal agencies to make electronic and information technology accessible.

  • View information on .

  • Đang chơi bàiFor questions, .

When to File a Complaint

According to , hotels, restaurants, and certain places of entertainment must provide disability access. 

Đang chơi bàiIf you feel that you've been the object of Title III discrimination, you can file an.

Traveling with a Disability

People with disabilities have legal protection from discrimination while traveling. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) gives guidelines for accessibility and special accommodations. Learn more about the ADA and how to file a complaint.

Air Travel with a Disability

  • The Transportation Safety Administration (TSA) screens all air travelers leaving from U.S. airports.

    • Learn how TSA .

    • Đang chơi bài for help or to make a complaint.

    • Request TSA help with screening if you're a .

  • Đang chơi bàiThe Air Carrier Access Act prohibits discrimination against passengers with disabilities. 

  • Đang chơi bàiThe Department of Transportation (DOT) enforces your rights in airports and on planes. It has guidelines for:

Train Travel with a Disability

  • Travelers with disabilities can receive .

  • The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) oversees . You can file a complaint if you've faced .  

Bus and Local Transit Travel with a Disability

  • Learn about your.  

  • If you can't travel by regular public transit, you may qualify for paratransit. Paratransit is special transportation from your local transit agency.

Other Travel with a Disability

  • Đang chơi bàiIf you’re planning a cruise, make your special accommodation needs known. Find tips in .

  • Check the country you plan to visit before booking your trip.

Voter Accessibility Laws

Đang chơi bàiVoter accessibility laws ensure that people with disabilities or language barriers are able to vote.

If you know you’ll need accommodations on Election Day, contact your state or local election office to find out what to expect at your polling place. 

Please note: Many voters with disabilities rely on in-person voting at accessible polling places. Voters with language barriers often depend on the help of interpreters at the polls. 

Changes to polling places are possible due to the coronavirus. Đang chơi bàiThese may include different locations, layouts, procedures, and availability of translators.

If you need to vote in person, check your polling place before Election Day. Find out about early voting options. And check with to learn:

  • If your needs will be met at your polling station

  • Đang chơi bàiOther ways you may be able to vote

Laws and Accommodations That Help Voters With Disabilities

Several federal laws protect the voting rights of Americans with disabilities. These include the and the .

Đang chơi bàiVoters with disabilities have the right to:

  • Vote in private, without help

  • Have an accessible polling place with voting machines for voters with disabilities

Đang chơi bàiPolling places must have:

  • Wheelchair-accessible voting booths

  • Đang chơi bàiEntrances and doorways at least 32 inches wide

  • Đang chơi bàiHandrails on all stairs

  • Đang chơi bàiVoting equipment for people who are blind or visually impaired

If you have a disability, you may:

  • Seek help from poll workers trained to use an accessible voting machine, or

  • Đang chơi bàiBring someone to help you vote

You can also ask your election officeĐang chơi bài what other options you have.

  • Some states offer “curbside voting," when a poll worker brings everything you need to vote to your car.

  • Some set up polling places at long-term care facilities.

  • Đang chơi bàiLocal organizations may provide transportation to the polls.

  • Many states let people with disabilities vote by mail.

Accommodations That Help Voters Who Need Language Assistance

The helps people overcome language barriers to voting.

  • The downloadable is available in 11 languages. Find tips on everything from registering to vote to casting a ballot on Election Day.

  • Đang chơi bàiThe is available in 15 languages. You can use it in most states to register and to update your voter registration information.

Federal law also lets you bring someone to help you if you can't read or write.

enforces . These laws protect employees and job applicants against:

  • Đang chơi bàiDiscrimination, harassment, and unfair treatment in the workplace by anyone because of:

    • Race

    • Color

    • Religion

    • Sex (including gender identity, transgender status, and sexual orientation)

    • Pregnancy

    • National origin

    • Age (40 or older)

    • Disability

    • Đang chơi bàiGenetic information

  • Being denied reasonable workplace accommodations for disability or religious beliefs

  • Retaliation because they:

    • Đang chơi bàiComplained about job discrimination

    • Đang chơi bàiHelped with an investigation or lawsuit

Filing a Complaint with State or Local Government or Tribal Employment Rights Office

To file a complaint, contact your .

Many state and local governments have their own anti-discrimination laws. These laws may offer extra protections beyond federal laws.

Some state laws:

  • Apply to businesses with only five or six employees

  • Đang chơi bàiProhibit discrimination based on whether you're married or have children

  • Đang chơi bàiHave different deadlines for filing a charge

  • Đang chơi bàiHave different standards for deciding whether you’re covered by them

Many state laws have more protections for nursing mothers than federal law requires. enforce these laws.

Filing a Lawsuit

Đang chơi bàiIf you're a victim of job discrimination or harassment, you can . If the discrimination violates federal law, you must first file a charge with the EEOC. (This doesn't apply to cases of unequal pay between men and women.)

Đang chơi bàiYou may decide to sue if the EEOC can’t help you. In either case, look for an attorney who specializes in employment law. You can check with:

Not All Employers Are Subject to EEOC Laws

This number varies based on the type of employer and the kind of discrimination alleged.

  • Businesses, state, and local governments must follow most EEOC laws if they have 15 or more employees.

  • Đang chơi bàiFederal agencies must follow all EEOC laws, no matter how many employees they have.

Laws that the EEOC Enforces

Đang chơi bàiFederal employment discrimination laws include:

  • (ADA) – prohibiting discrimination against workers with disabilities and mandating reasonable accommodations

  • (ADEA)

  • Đang chơi bài (Title VII) – prohibiting discrimination based on:

    • Race

    • Color

    • Religion

    • National origin

    • Đang chơi bàiSex (including sexual orientation and gender identity). Learn more about for LGBTQ workers. These protections apply regardless of any contrary state or local laws.

  • (EPA) – requiring equal pay for equal work by men and women

Harassment

is unwelcome conduct based on:

  • Race

  • Color

  • Religion

  • Sex

  • Đang chơi bàiNational origin

  • Age

  • Pregnancy

  • Disability

  • Đang chơi bàiGenetic information

Đang chơi bàiIt can include:

  • Đang chơi bàiOffensive jokes

  • Physical assaults or threats

  • Ridicule or insults

  • Đang chơi bàiDisplay of offensive objects or pictures

Đang chơi bài may include:

  • Unwelcome sexual advances

  • Requests for sexual favors

  • Other verbal or physical harassment of a sexual nature

  • Offensive remarks about a person's sex

Harassment becomes illegal when:

  • Đang chơi bàiIt creates a hostile or abusive work environment

  • The victim gets fired or demoted for refusing to put up with it

Protection from Retaliation

EEOC laws protect employees and job applicants from . For example, it’s unlawful to punish people for:

  • Filing or being a witness in an EEO charge or investigation

  • Đang chơi bàiTalking to a supervisor or manager about discrimination or harassment

  • Đang chơi bàiRefusing to follow orders that would result in discrimination

  • Đang chơi bàiResisting sexual advances, or intervening to protect others

applies to businesses and groups that receive federal grants and loans.

  • Title II of the Americans with Disabilities ActĐang chơi bài applies to public schools, universities, and libraries.

  • Đang chơi bàiBoth laws forbid discrimination against people with disabilities.  for students attending public schools.

  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

    applies to students in grades K-12.

    • It guarantees their right to a free, appropriate public education.

    • Đang chơi bàiIt calls for the creation of an  for each child.

    Students with Disabilities at College or Technical School

    • Students must notify their school and document their needs.

    • Schools must provide tools and modifications to help students take part in class. For example, a school may offer course reading material in Braille.

    Disability Discrimination in Education

    If you feel a school has discriminated against you or your child, you can:

    • Đang chơi bài with the Department of Education's Office of Civil Rights.

    • or school district.

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    Đang chơi bàiLast Updated: June 3, 2020

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