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IRS Scams

Đang chơi bàiFind out how to report IRS scams, and learn how to identify and protect yourself from tax scams.

or by calling TIGTA at 1-800-366-4484Đang chơi bài. Forward email messages that claim to be from the IRS to phishing@irs.gov.

How to Avoid IRS Imposter Scams

Đang chơi bàiThere are things you can do to protect yourself from an IRS imposter scam.

Do:

  • Beware if someone calls claiming to be from the IRS. The IRS will always contact you by mail before calling you about unpaid taxes.

  • Ask the caller to provide their name, badge number, and callback number. Then call TIGTA at 1-800-366-4484Đang chơi bài to find out if the caller is an IRS employee with a legitimate reason to contact you. If you confirm that the caller is from the IRS, call them back. Otherwise, . 

  • Become familiar with what fraudulent IRS email messages look like. .

  • of the letter, form, or notice on the IRS website.

  • Be suspicious of threats. The IRS won’t threaten to have police arrest you for not paying a bill.

Don’t:

  • Don’t give in to demands to pay money immediately. Be especially suspicious of demands to wire money or pay with a prepaid debit card.

  • Don’t trust the name or phone number on a caller ID display that shows “IRS.” that shows on caller ID using a technique called spoofing.

  • Don’t click on any links in email or text messages to verify your information.

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to the address on the federal tax return indicating that tax ID theft has occurred.

Đang chơi bàiFind out what steps you can take after receiving a 5071C letter and how you can avoid or report tax ID scams.

What Is a 5071C Letter?

The 5071C letter is a legitimate letter from the IRS that provides instructions to verify that you submitted the tax return in question. 

Đang chơi bàiIf you receive a 5071C letter, verify your identity with the IRS. There are two ways to verify your identity with the IRS:

  • Online on the IRS' secure Identity Verification Service website, or

  • By calling the toll-free number listed in your letter.

Đang chơi bàiYou will be asked a series of questions to verify your identity. You will also be asked to confirm whether or not you filed the federal tax return in question.

Đang chơi bàiYou will need the following documents to verify your identity when you access the website or call:

  • Your previous year's federal tax return

  • Đang chơi bàiYour current year's federal tax return, if you've already filed it

  • Supporting documents from this year's federal tax return, such as Form W-2, Form 1099, and Schedules A and C

How to Report Tax ID Theft

Đang chơi bàiIt’s important to take action if you receive a 5071C letter from the IRS. You can also take these steps if you become the victim of a tax ID theft or if you receive a letter from the IRS about a problem.

  1. Đang chơi bàiRespond immediately to any IRS notice by calling the number provided on the letter. If instructed, go to the IRS .

  2. Complete. Print it, then mail or fax according to instructions.

  3. Continue to pay your taxes and file your tax return, even if you must do so by paper.

  4. If you are a victim of state tax ID theft, about the next steps you need to take.

If you’ve already contacted the IRS, but still need more tax ID theft assistance, you can call 1-800-908-4490.

You should also take these steps to report the scam and protect your bank accounts:

  1. File a report with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) at . You can also call the FTC Identity Theft Hotline at 1-877-438-4338 or TTY 1-866-653-4261.

  2. Đang chơi bàiContact one of the three major credit bureaus to place a fraud alert on your credit records:

    1. : 1-888-766-0008

    2. : 1-888-397-3742

    3. : 1-800-680-7289

  3. Contact your financial institutions to close any accounts opened without your permission or that show unusual activity.

How to Protect Yourself From Tax ID Theft

Đang chơi bàiFollow these steps to prevent tax identity theft.

Do:

Đang chơi bàiFile your income taxes early in the season, before a thief can file taxes in your name. Also, keep an eye out for any IRS letter or notice that states:

  • More than one tax return was filed using your Social Security number.

  • Đang chơi bàiYou owe additional tax.

  • Đang chơi bàiYou have had collection actions taken against you for a year you did not file a tax return.

  • Đang chơi bàiYou have had a . 

  • IRS records indicate you received wages from an employer unknown to you.

Don’t:

Don’t reply to or click on any links in suspicious emails, texts, and social media messages. Make sure to .

Đang chơi bài .

How Tax Transcript Scams Work

The scam works this way: you get an email with the words “tax transcripts” in the subject line. The email has an attachment named “Tax Account Transcript” or something similar. Don’t open this attachment. It’s malware known as Emotet that can infect your computer network and steal personal and business information. 

Đang chơi bàiThe IRS will never call, email, or text you asking for your tax information. It will also not send you a message with an attachment asking you to log in to get a tax transcript or update your profile.   

How to Protect Yourself and Report Tax Transcript Scams

Do: 

  • Đang chơi bàiDelete the email with the attachment, or forward it to phishing@irs.gov if you’re on a personal computer.

  • Notify your technology office staff about the email if you’re on a work computer. 

Don’t:

  • Don’t open the infected document because it contains malware.

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Last Updated: September 17, 2020

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