- Paid Leave for Many Workers Due to Coronavirus
- Discrimination and Harassment at Your Job
- Employment Background Checks
- Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA)
- Labor Unions
- Minimum Wage, Overtime, and Misclassification
- Unsafe Workplace Complaints and Conditions
- Workers' Compensation for Illness or Injury on the Job
- Wrongful Discharge/Termination of Employment
- Youth Labor Laws
Discrimination, harassment, and unfair treatment in the workplace by anyone because of:
Đang chơi bàiSex (including gender identity, transgender status, and sexual orientation)
Age (40 or older)
Đang chơi bàiBeing denied reasonable workplace accommodations for disability or religious beliefs
Retaliation because they:
Complained about job discrimination
Helped with an investigation or lawsuit
Filing a Complaint with State or Local Government or Tribal Employment Rights Office
To file a complaint, contact your .
Many state and local governments have their own anti-discrimination laws. These laws may offer extra protections beyond federal laws.
Đang chơi bàiSome state laws:
Đang chơi bàiApply to businesses with only five or six employees
Prohibit discrimination based on whether you're married or have children
Đang chơi bàiHave different deadlines for filing a charge
Have different standards for deciding whether you’re covered by them
Many state laws have more protections for nursing mothers than federal law requires. enforce these laws.
Filing a Lawsuit
Đang chơi bàiIf you're a victim of job discrimination or harassment, you can . If the discrimination violates federal law, you must first file a charge with the EEOC. (This doesn't apply to cases of unequal pay between men and women.)
Đang chơi bàiYou may decide to sue if the EEOC can’t help you. In either case, look for an attorney who specializes in employment law. You can check with:
Not All Employers Are Subject to EEOC Laws
Đang chơi bài This number varies based on the type of employer and the kind of discrimination alleged.
Businesses, state, and local governments must follow most EEOC laws if they have 15 or more employees.
Federal agencies must follow all EEOC laws, no matter how many employees they have.
Laws that the EEOC Enforces
Federal employment discrimination laws include:
Đang chơi bài (ADA) – prohibiting discrimination against workers with disabilities and mandating reasonable accommodations
(Title VII) – prohibiting discrimination based on:
Đang chơi bàiNational origin
Đang chơi bàiSex (including sexual orientation and gender identity). Learn more about for LGBTQ workers. These protections apply regardless of any contrary state or local laws.
Đang chơi bài (EPA) – requiring equal pay for equal work by men and women
is unwelcome conduct based on:
Đang chơi bàiNational origin
Đang chơi bàiGenetic information
Đang chơi bàiIt can include:
Đang chơi bàiPhysical assaults or threats
Đang chơi bàiRidicule or insults
Đang chơi bàiDisplay of offensive objects or pictures
Unwelcome sexual advances
Requests for sexual favors
Other verbal or physical harassment of a sexual nature
Offensive remarks about a person's sex
Harassment becomes illegal when:
It creates a hostile or abusive work environment
Đang chơi bàiThe victim gets fired or demoted for refusing to put up with it
Protection from Retaliation
Đang chơi bàiEEOC laws protect employees and job applicants from . For example, it’s unlawful to punish people for:
Filing or being a witness in an EEO charge or investigation
Đang chơi bàiTalking to a supervisor or manager about discrimination or harassment
Refusing to follow orders that would result in discrimination
Resisting sexual advances, or intervening to protect others
Request a Copy of a Federal Background Check or an Identification Record
The FBI website has information on how to request a .
Following the information on how to request a federal background check, you'll find information on how to challenge inaccurate or incomplete information that appears on your record.
If you are looking for information on arrest records, contact the appropriate law enforcement agency.is a federal labor law that allows an eligible employee to take an extended leave of absence from work.
Situations Included Under FMLA
- Caring for a qualifying sick family member
- The birth or adoption of a child
- Military caregiving or other emergencies related to a family member's active duty service
This unpaid leave is guaranteed by law and is available to workers at companies with 50 or more employees. can help you understand your rights and coverage.
Questions or Reporting a Violation of the FMLA
Đang chơi bàiIf you have unanswered questions about the FMLA or you believe someone has violated your rights under FMLA, for assistance.
Employer Responsibilities Under FMLA
Đang chơi bàiEmployers with FMLA eligible employees have specific under the law. Learn by the FMLA.
Đang chơi bàiIf you are an employer with concerns about false FMLA leave, with any questions about FMLA compliance and seek the advice of your company's legal and human resources departments.is an independent federal agency. It oversees and protects the rights of most private-sector (non-government) employees. The NLRB helps employees determine whether to have unions as their bargaining representative.
- You or your co-workers can start, join, or end union representation by filing a . Your petition must show the support of at least 30 percent of your fellow employees.
- If you have a complaint about a union, contact your nearest .
- The NLRB does not handle certain forms of employment discrimination including:
- Workplace safety
- Entitlement to overtime pay
- Family and medical leave
Visit the to see which state or federal agency can help with your specific complaint.
Federal and State Government Employee Unions
- If you’re a federal employee and have a question or complaint about federal unions, contact the . The FLRA an independent federal agency responsible for the labor-management relations program. It establishes policies and resolves disputes for most federal employees and their managers.
- If your federal agency doesn’t have a union, you and your co-workers can start one. Contact an and file a .
- If you’re a state or local government employee and have a question about unions, contact the information officer of the closest to your job.
Đang chơi bàiThe federal minimum wage is the lowest legal hourly pay for many workers. Tipped employees may have a different wage.
Đang chơi bàiThe minimum wage is $7.25 per hour for as of July 24, 2009. Learn more about the minimum wage in the .
Many states and cities also have minimum wage laws. Where federal and state laws have different rates, the higher wage applies. and its .
Đang chơi bàiContact your with questions about minimum wage.
Đang chơi bàiAn employer may require or permit a worker to work . The states that workers who clock more than 40 hours per week are to get overtime pay. There are few exceptions to this rule.
- for overtime pay guidance.
- Visit the for exemption classifications and state legal tools.
An employer says a worker is an independent contractor. The law says the worker is an employee. That's misclassification, which can:
Đang chơi bàiAffect a worker’s pay, protections, and benefits
Đang chơi bàiCause tax problems for both businesses and workers
Resources and Next Steps
- See a about misclassification.
- Find .
- If you’ve been misclassified, for more information. Or with the Department of Labor.
Learn About Your State's Labor Laws
Labor laws vary by state. Contact the state government for information about specific laws where you work.
- Business owners: Check out the Small Business Administration's .
- For complaints about safety issues on the road, such as being forced to drive in unsafe conditions, fill out the online or call 1-888-DOT-SAFT (1-888-368-7238).
- If you have a complaint about safety issues occurring inside a trucking building or facility, there are a variety of ways for workers to with the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA).
Workers’ Safety Rights
As an employed worker, you’re entitled to certain - especially ones that keep you safe. These include the right to:
- Be trained in a language that you understand
- Be provided with the necessary safety equipment
- Report injury or illness
- Voice your concern over unsafe working conditions without fear of retaliation
In order to improve safety in the workplace, the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) .
Đang chơi bàiAs of January 1, 2017, certain employers are required to electronically submit injury or illness data. Doing this allows OSHA to improve enforcement of workplace safety requirements and provide valuable information online for workers, job seekers, customers, and the general public. The new rule also prohibits employers from discouraging their workers from reporting an injury or illness.can help you file a claim. If your claim is denied, you can appeal.
Longshore and Harbor Workers, Coal Miners, Nuclear Weapons Workers, and Federal Employees
Federal laws protect longshore and harbor workers, coal miners, nuclear weapons workers employed by the Department of Energy (DOE) or a DOE contractor, and federal employees. Contact the that applies to you for help filing a claim.for more information on wrongful termination laws in your state.
Đang chơi bàiIf you are an employer seeking information about legal termination of employees, you may wish to contact both the and your to ensure you do not violate any federal or state labor laws. You may wish to consult with a licensed attorney.website helps you:
: Select your age and learn what work you’re allowed to do and when you’re allowed to work.
Đang chơi bài: Learn how to file a complaint.
Đang chơi bàiYouth Rules also helps employers, parents and educators stay informed. The rules for young employees are different depending on your age and the . When federal and state rules are different, the rules that provide the most protection apply.
Safety and Health Standards for Teens on the Job
Employers must follow all standards. These help protect you from injury at work.
Provide a hazard-free workplace
Give you training on potential workplace safety issues
Provide you with resources to answer your questions on safety or health in the workplace
Đang chơi bàiTell you what to do if you get hurt on the job
OSHA provides , including information on how to protect yourself in jobs in:
Đang chơi bàiAgriculture
Đang chơi bàiLandscaping
Civil Rights Protections for Teens at Work
, a division of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), will help you:
Learn your rights as a young worker
Identify workplace discrimination
Learn what laws are enforced by the EEOC
Đang chơi bàiFile a complaint if you suspect workplace discrimination
Do you have a question?
Đang chơi bài Ask a real person any government-related question for free. They'll get you the answer or let you know where to find it.
Đang chơi bàiLast Updated: November 23, 2020