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Commonly Requested U.S. Laws and Regulations

Đang chơi bàiLearn about some of the best-known U.S. laws and regulations.

  • Child Welfare

    Consumer Protection

    Controlled Substances

    Debt and Bankruptcy



    Historic Preservation


    Homeland Security

    Immigration and Citizenship

    Information and Privacy

    Jobs and Employment

    Protection of Animals and the Environment

    protects the rights of people with disabilities. It guarantees equal opportunity in:

    • Public accommodations

    • Jobs

    • Đang chơi bàiTransportation

    • Đang chơi bàiGovernment services

    • Đang chơi bàiTelecommunications

    The Department of Justice answers questions about ADA requirements. It's available to businesses, state and local governments, and the public. Call 1- 800-514-0301 (TTY: 1-800-514-0383).

    Find More ADA Resources From the Government

    The ADA website has information on:

    Đang chơi bàiThe website provides:

    • Đang chơi bài for telecommunications, public transportation, and recreational facilities

    • Đang chơi bàiA for buildings

    requires federal agencies to make electronic and information technology accessible.

    • Đang chơi bàiView information on .

    • For questions, .

    When to File a Complaint

    According to , hotels, restaurants, and certain places of entertainment must provide disability access. 

    If you feel that you've been the object of Title III discrimination, you can file an.

    addresses several issues, from setting limits on certain air pollutants to enforcing federal clean water and safe drinking laws. In addition, EPA enforces federal regulations to reduce the impact of businesses on the environment.

    • For more information, visit .  
    • The  provides environmental information and contacts for small businesses.

    Wildlife and Endangered Species Protection

    The  was signed in 1973 to provide for the protection and conservation of threatened and endangered plants and animals as well as their habitats. The and the are responsible for administering the ESA:

    • Learn which and the measures that are being taken to protect them.
    • These  enforce the protection of threatened species. 

    Laws Governing Pesticide Use on Food

    The and EPA have a cooperative arrangement to carry out the . The FDA has responsibility over the safety of food and any substance that is applied to the human body.   

    Environmental Concerns at Work

    Đang chơi bàiThe , a part of the U.S. Department of Labor, deals with problems with the environment inside the workplace. This includes the presence or handling of chemicals and noxious fumes. 

    Find State, Local, and Tribal Offices That Handle Environmental Concerns

    Many environmental programs have been delegated to the states and they have primary responsibility over them. In addition, some environmental laws and regulations apply to tribal government operations.

    • For issues handled by state agencies, refer to the .
    • If you have local concerns, .
    • The has information on EPA's laws and regulations that apply to tribal governments.  
    is the process of bringing charges against a government official for wrongdoing. A trial may be held and the official may be removed from office.

    Impeachment Process 

    Đang chơi bàiThe Constitution gives Congress the power to impeach federal officials.

    • The House of Representatives brings articles (charges) of impeachment against an official.

    • An official can be impeached for treason, bribery, and “other high crimes and misdemeanors.”

    • If the House adopts the articles by a simple majority vote, the official has been impeached.

    • The Senate holds an . In the case of a president, the U.S. Supreme Court chief justice presides.

    • If found guilty, the official is removed from office. They may never be able to hold elected office again.

    • Đang chơi bàiIf they are not found guilty, they may continue to serve in office.

    Past Impeachments of Federal Officials

    The House has initiated impeachment proceedings more than 60 times. But there have been only 20 impeachments. This includes three presidents, one cabinet secretary, and one senator. Of those who were impeached, only eight—all federal judges—were found guilty by the Senate and removed from office.

    Đang chơi bàiThe presidents impeached by the House were:

    • in 1868

    • in 1998

    • Donald John Trump in 2019

    Đang chơi bàiAll three presidents remained in office following acquittals by the Senate on all charges.

    Former President Richard Nixon was not impeached. He resigned shortly after Congress started the impeachment process against him in 1974.

    Impeachment of State and Local Officials

    Đang chơi bàiA  can impeach its governor and other state officials. Many local governments also have impeachment procedures.

    states that anyone, U.S. citizen or not, can request a copy of any federal agency record. Under FOIA, all federal agencies must disclose records requested in writing. If you want to get copies of records under FOIA, .

    Help with FOIA-Related Inquiries

    Contact the Department of Justice's  for guidance about FOIA policies. Call 1-202-514-FOIA (1-202-514-3642).

    Exemptions and Exclusions

    Đang chơi bàiAgencies can withhold information related to  and  under FOIA. FOIA applies only to federal agencies. It doesn't apply to records held by Congress, the courts, or state or local government agencies. Each state has its own public access laws.

    FOIA-Related Statistics

    Đang chơi bàiYou can search for data from a single agency or compare data from several agencies. Follow the steps to .

    guarantees your right to:

    • See records about your personal information, subject to the act’s exemptions
    • Correct a record that is inaccurate or incomplete unless it’s exempt
    • Sue the government for violating the law for improper disclosures


    How to Make a Privacy Act Request

    To request records under the Privacy Act, you must contact the federal agency you believe holds the records. 

    Đang chơi bàiWhen creating your request:

    • Explain what information you want, why you believe the agency has information about you, and when you believe the record was created. Provide as many details as possible.
    • Include proof of identity, such as a copy of your driver’s license.
    • Ask about any fees you’ll owe for copies of your files.

    Agencies typically group their Privacy Act and Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) offices together. When you write, address your request to the agency’s or program’s FOIA/Privacy Act Officer and state in your letter that it is a Privacy Act request.

    Learn more specific guidelines from these agencies:

    •  and  

    Đang chơi bài for submitting your Privacy Act request.

    Types of Information Agencies Are Not Required to Disclose

    Đang chơi bàiThere are to the information agencies must allow you to see. Two frequently-used exemptions involve:

    • Records containing classified information on national security
    • Records concerning criminal investigations
    • Đang chơi bàiCollects taxes on alcohol, tobacco, firearms, and ammunition

    • Đang chơi bàiEnsures that these products meet labeling, advertising, and marketing laws

    • Đang chơi bàiAdministers the federal laws and regulations that protect consumers

    Đang chơi bàiProtects our communities from:

    • Violent criminals

    • Criminal organizations

    • Illegal use and trafficking of firearms

    • Đang chơi bàiIllegal use and storage of explosives

    • Đang chơi bàiActs of arson and bombings

    • Acts of terrorism

    • Illegal diversion of alcohol and tobacco products

    Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (CTP)

    • Carries out the mandates in the 

    • Authorizes FDA to regulate manufacturing, distribution, and marketing of tobacco products

    State and Local Government Agencies Regulating Alcohol and Tobacco

    Đang chơi bàiState and local laws also regulate the sale and distribution of alcohol and tobacco.

    • Contact a for questions about tobacco sales and taxes.

    • Contact a for questions about alcohol sales.

    may review the laws to see if they agree with the Constitution. If a court finds a law is unconstitutional, it can strike it down.

    Find Federal Laws

    The contains general and permanent federal laws. It does not include regulations, decisions, or laws issued by:

    • Đang chơi bàiFederal agencies

    • Federal courts

    • Treaties

    • State and local governments

    New  appear in each edition of the United States .  There is a new edition for each session of Congress.

    • Đang chơi bàiFind  by the current and earlier sessions of Congress. This includes new laws that have not yet been assigned a public law number.

    • Find that have been assigned public law numbers.

    • Visit the Law Library of Congress to .

    • Đang chơi bàiTo find older laws, visit a law library or a .

    Federal Regulations

    Regulations are issued by federal agencies, boards, and commissions. They explain how agencies plan to carry out laws. Regulations are published yearly in .

    The Rulemaking Process

    Federal regulations are created through a process known as . If an agency wants to make, change, or delete a rule, it will:

    1. Đang chơi bàiPublish the proposal in the 

    2. Consider the public's comments and change the rule if necessary. The agency then publishes the final version in the Federal Register along with:

      • A description of the comments received

      • Đang chơi bàiThe agency’s response to those comments

      • The date the rule goes into effect

    Federal Court Decisions

    Federal courts do not write or pass laws. But they may establish individual “rights” under federal law. This happens through courts' interpretations of federal and state laws and the Constitution.

    An example is the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in . The court decided that state laws which segregated public school students by race violated the 14th Amendment. It said that "separate but equal" schools cause minority children to feel inferior. And that hurts their educational opportunities.

    State Laws and Regulations

    Đang chơi bàiState legislatures make the laws in each state. State courts can review these laws. If a court decides a law doesn't agree with the state's constitution, it can declare it invalid.

    Đang chơi bàiFind state laws and regulations with the Law Library of Congress’s .

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    Last Updated: November 18, 2020