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Presidents, Vice Presidents, and First Ladies of the United States

Đang chơi bàiFind contact information and other facts about Presidents, Vice Presidents, and First Ladies, past and present.

. He was sworn in on January 20, 2017.

Requirements to Hold Office

According to , the president must be a natural-born citizen of the United States, be at least 35 years old, and have been a resident of the United States for 14 years.

State of the Union Address 

Đang chơi bàiThe U.S. Constitution requires the president to give  a State of the Union, which is a report that addresses a president's legislative proposals and other plans for the country. There is no requirement stating what form or how often the report occurs; however, it normally occurs annually in the last week of January.

Contact the President

The president does not have a public direct telephone number. You can contact the White House by submitting your comments or questions online.

. He was sworn in for a four-year term on January 20, 2017. 

Contact the Vice President

The vice president does not have a public direct telephone number. You can fill in an with comments.

begins with primary elections and caucuses. These are two methods that states use to select a potential presidential nominee tooltip Nominee: the final candidate chosen by a party to represent them in an election.. In general, primaries use secret ballots for voting. Caucuses are local gatherings of voters who vote at the end of the meeting for a particular candidate. Then it moves to nominating conventions, during which political parties each select a nominee to unite behind. During a political party convention, each presidential nominee also announces a vice presidential running mate. The candidates then campaign across the country to explain their views and plans to voters. They may also participate in debates with candidates from other parties.

What is the Role of the Electoral College?

During the general election tooltipGeneral Election: a final election for a political office with a limited list of candidates. , Americans go to their polling place tooltipPolling Place: the location in which you cast your vote. to cast their vote for president. But the tally of those votes—the popular vote—does not determine the winner. Instead, presidential elections use the Electoral College. To win the election, a candidate must receive a majority of electoral votes. In the event no candidate receives a majority, the House of Representatives chooses the president and the Senate chooses the vice president.

What is a Typical Presidential Election Cycle?

The presidential election process follows a typical cycle:

  • Spring of the year before an election – Candidates announce their intentions to run.

  • Summer of the year before an election through spring of the election year – Primary and caucus tooltip Caucus: a statewide meeting held by members of a political party to choose a presidential candidate to support. debates take place.

  • January to June of election year – States and parties hold primaries tooltipPrimary: an election held to determine which of a party's candidates will receive that party's nomination and be their sole candidate later in the general election. and caucuses.

  • Đang chơi bàiJuly to early September – Parties hold nominating conventions to choose their candidates.

  • September and October – Candidates participate in presidential debates.

  • Đang chơi bàiEarly November – Election Day

  • December – Electors tooltip Elector: a person who is certified to represent their state's vote in the Electoral College. cast their votes in the Electoral College.

  • Đang chơi bàiEarly January of the next calendar year – Congress counts the electoral votes.

  • January 20 – Inauguration Day

For an in-depth look at the federal election process in the U.S., check out .

in Washington, DC, features a , one of the museum's most popular attractions. Its virtual  provides a visual experience of the First Ladies' gowns and other artifacts. 

Current First Lady

The current First Lady of the United States is .

Đang chơi bài where you can view important historical documents and explore interactive online exhibits. The is being planned.

Đang chơi bàiInformation on  is available from the Library of Congress.

Contact Former Presidents 

You can send mail and sometimes email to some of the living former U.S. presidents:

Đang chơi bàiContact the office of former .

Find the contact information for former . 

To contact former President Bill Clinton, send a letter to:

           The Honorable William J. Clinton
           55 West 125th Street
Đang chơi bài           New York NY 10027

Find the contact information for former .

Format and Salutations

When sending letters to former presidents, the proper form for addressing the envelope is:
Đang chơi bàiThe Honorable (president's name)

The proper form for the salutation in the letter is:
Dear Mr. (president's last name)

Đang chơi bàiLearn about .

 outline the presidential order of succession. The line of succession of cabinet officers is in the order of their agencies’ creation.

If the President of the United States is incapacitated, dies, resigns, is for any reason unable to hold his/her office, or is removed from office, he/she will be replaced in the following order:

  1. Vice President
  2. Speaker of the House
  3. President Pro Tempore of the Senate
  4. Secretary of State
  5. Secretary of the Treasury
  6. Secretary of Defense
  7. Attorney General
  8. Secretary of the Interior
  9. Secretary of Agriculture
  10. Secretary of Commerce
  11. Secretary of Labor
  12. Secretary of Health and Human Services
  13. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  14. Secretary of Transportation
  15. Secretary of Energy
  16. Secretary of Education
  17. Secretary of Veterans Affairs
  18. Secretary of Homeland Security
to request a presidential greeting. 

Photo Requests

You can purchase official portraits of the  and online.

Invitations for the White House and All Other Requests

Đang chơi bàiIf you would like to extend an invitation to, have questions for, or would like information about the president, the White House, or the status of a request, .

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Last Updated: June 9, 2020